The type of regional innovation system (RIS) strongly affects possibilities of paths of industrial transformation. This paper argues that traditional manufacturing districts, corresponding to specialized RISs and characterised by various nuclei of specialization and know-how, may foster different trajectories in combination with extra-regional networks. In particular, the paper analyses the interplay between regional and national […]
In this article, we ask what is the place of institutional entrepreneurship in an (regional) innovation system. The main research questions addressed are (a) how does a new science-based concentration of innovation become institutionalized in an innovation system, (b) who are the institutional entrepreneurs and what do they actually do in their efforts to institutionalize new beliefs, practices and activities within a system, and (c) what knowledge institutional entrepreneurs do need and what kind of power do they exercise in the institutionalization process.